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المجموعة ائحة المجلس الأوروبي

الثناء الحذر للبنك المركزي الأوروبي – الالتزام بالاستقلال

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أشاد البرلمان الأوروبي برئيسة البنك المركزي الأوروبي، كريستين لاجارد، لمكافحتها للتضخم، لكنه حذرها من الاستسلام لمطالب القطاع المالي والسياسيين بخفض أسعار الفائدة الرئيسية. 

“In an extremely turbulent geopolitical, economic and financial environment, the ECB has succeeded in almost restoring price stability in the euro area economy. Price stability remains the ECB’s first and foremost task,” وقال يوهان فان أوفرتفيلدت، عضو البرلمان الأوروبي في البرلمان الأوروبي، مقرر التقرير السنوي للبنك المركزي الأوروبي لعام 2023، والذي سيتم اعتماده في ستراسبورغ يوم الثلاثاء. “But the fight against inflation is far from over. Bringing it to a successful conclusion is the most important contribution the ECB can make to the well-being of European citizens and to meeting the enormous new challenges we face,” هو أكمل. “It is essential that the ECB retains its full independence now and in the future.”
 
ويعتقد فان أوفرتفيلدت أن هدف التضخم البالغ 2 في المائة أصبح في متناول اليد بالفعل:
“Headline inflation is again tentatively approaching the annual inflation target. However, core inflation, which strips out volatile energy and food prices, remains stubbornly higher than headline inflation. This is mainly due to price increases in the service sectors of the economy,” .
 
ومع ذلك، كان الاتجاه المثير للقلق هو الزيادة الكبيرة في تكاليف وحدة العمل في العديد من الدول الأعضاء في منطقة اليورو. ولذلك حذر فان أوفرتفيلدت من التخفيضات المبكرة في أسعار الفائدة:
“We are not yet back to a situation where consumers, producers and investors automatically take low and stable inflation rates into account in their decisions.”
 
وبحسب المقرر المحافظ، تحتاج أوروبا أيضًا إلى الاستعداد لصدمات أسعار أقوى في المستقبل:
“Important structural changes have taken place that should not be neglected and are still evolving. The favourable framework of the past ensured a very flexible supply side of the economy, which was able to absorb changes in aggregate demand relatively easily and without major inflationary outbreaks.  While technological progress continues unabated, other elements of yesterday’s stability have undergone a major metamorphosis. The war in Ukraine and tensions between China and the West, as well as the aftermath of the COVID pandemic, have destabilised many international supply chains. We can therefore expect price shocks to become not only more frequent but also more persistent,” قال فان أوفرتفيلدت. “The ECB’s task of ensuring price stability and financial stability will not become any easier, on the contrary.”
 
وأخيرا، دعا فان أوفرتفيلدت إلى اتخاذ تدابير أكثر جرأة والتشكيك بشأن نماذج الاقتصاد القياسي في المستقبل:
“Asymmetric decisions must be avoided. In the past, when there were signs of an economic downturn, action was often taken immediately. Too often, however, this highly accommodative policy has been withdrawn too slowly and too hesitantly. Given the adverse developments on the supply side of the economy, such an asymmetry would be even more problematic now than in the past.
 
“In addition, less emphasis should be placed on econometric models. Their performance has been and remains abysmal. They need an urgent and fundamental overhaul.
 
“Financial markets need to accept the return of reality. Debt-financed financial constructions that lead to short-term easy profits, but also – and more importantly – to situations of high risk of burning, must be curbed. The accumulation of systemic risks through exotic financial constructions must come to an end. Financial intermediation is there to support jobs, investment and real value creation, not to provide huge profits for speculators and useless financial engineering.
 
“Finally, political authorities must take responsibility for more sustainable public finances, which by definition are theirs alone. Budget deficits must be reduced and the relentless rise in debt ratios must be halted. We call on the ECB to fulfil its legal obligations. Politicians must do the same and stop hiding behind cheap excuses.”

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